Terminology

The body of terms used with a particular technical application in a subject of study, theory, profession, etc.

  • Carpentry
    Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
  • Chimneys
    A chimney is a structure that provides ventilation for hot flue gases or smoke from a boiler, stove, furnace or fireplace to the outside atmosphere.
  • Copper
    Aside from gold, copper is the only metal with natural color. And no other metal commonly used in architecture can measure up to copper. Its durability and aesthetics are enhanced by the beautiful progression from bright, romantic red hues to a characteristic green patina.
  • Dormers
    A dormer is a roofed structure, often containing a window, that projects vertically beyond the plane of a pitched roof. It is also known as rooftop window. Dormers are commonly used to increase the usable space in a loft and to create window openings in a roof plane.
  • Downspouts
    A downspout, waterspout, downpipe, drain spout, roof drain pipe, leader, or rone is a pipe for carrying rainwater from a rain gutter. Downspouts are usually vertical and usually extend down to ground level. The water is directed away from the building's foundation, to protect the foundations from water damage.
  • Flashing
    Flashing refers to thin pieces of impervious material installed to prevent the passage of water into a structure from a joint or as part of a weather resistant barrier system.
  • Gutters
    A rain gutter or surface water collection channel is a component of water discharge system for a building. Water from a pitched roof flows down into a valley gutter, a parapet gutter or an eaves gutter. An eaves gutter is also known as an eavestrough, eaves channel, dripster, guttering or simply as a gutter.
  • Hips
    A hip roof, hip-roof or hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope. Thus a hipped roof house has no gables or other vertical sides to the roof. A square hip roof is shaped like a pyramid.
  • Insulation
    Building insulation is any object in a building used as insulation for any purpose. While the majority of insulation in buildings is for thermal purposes, the term also applies to acoustic insulation, fire insulation, and impact insulation
  • Maintenance
    Long term maintenance, maintenance at multiple residences, maintenance of windows and doors, routine maintenance, slate maintenance, copper maintentance, woodwork maintenance
  • Ridges
    In simple language, the ridge of a roof is the peak where two opposing roof planes meet. Getting a little more technical, the National Roofing Contractors Association defines the ridge as the "highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area."
  • Roofs
    A roof is part of a building envelope. It is the covering on the uppermost part of a building or shelter which provides protection from animals and weather, notably rain or snow, but also heat, wind and sunlight. The word also denotes the framing or structure which supports that covering.
  • Siding
    Siding or wall cladding is the protective material attached to the exterior side of a wall of a house or other building.
  • Snow Guards
    Snow guards are rooftop devices that allow snow and ice to drop off in small amounts or allow snow and ice to melt completely before falling to the ground. The installation of snow guards prevents the sudden release of snow and ice from a roof, which is known as a roof avalanche.
  • Skylights
    Skylights are light transmitting fenestration forming all, or a portion of, the roof of a building's space for daylighting purposes.
  • Slate
    Slate is one of the few building materials that actually becomes tougher and more resilient with age, and slate roofs dating back to the 18th century still protect buildings today.
  • Standing Seams
    A type of seam between adjacent sheets of metal roofing material made by turning up the edges of two adjacent panels and then folding or interlocking them in a variety of ways.
  • Sunslate Solar
    Sunslates™ are an advanced photovoltaic product. Sunslates™ allow the roof of your home to serve as both a roof and a power plant simultaneously. ... With SUNSLATES™ solar electric roofing tiles, you get more than a roof over your head. A technologically advanced roofing solution dramatically reduces electricity demand.
  • Valleys
    Roof valleys are the Vee shaped metal channels that run up and down the 'folds' of a roof. These pictures show where roof valleys are located on a roof.